Democracy is the worst form of government except for all those other forms that have been tried from time to time, Winston Churchill made this a remarkable statement in the history. Different ages have gone under umpteenth forms of government and political systems but democracy is not just about it. Democracy in a civilization is a social-cultural evolution which is yet to establish in various parts. It is skeptical to us albeit has universal appeal.
The diversity and complexity within the several states and nations have restrained democracy up till now. As our nation, where people’s origin , their linguistics, culture, religion and traditional norms are sundry, stands today with sovereignty and integrity representing democracy nevertheless reflects drive for more of it.
Various democratic institutions are speeding up to grow into democracy but are they heading towards right path, is hard to say. Seeming the scenario of societal problems, their growth, security and their reach towards development do not reflect a liberal democracy for now.
The evolution of any civilization depends upon the formations and functions of it’s institutional systems. India, as the largest democracy of the world, has social conflicts been richly diverse, vigorously articulated and audacious at the same time. There are three main spheres where democracy is being practiced social, economical and political. To sustain as a nation consensus building, patience, inclusiveness and freedom are to be demonstrated not only through institutions but through citizens as well. Such problems are visible in the actions of the Patel , the Jat or the Patidar communities rioting for reservations which shows how citizens underestimate themselves of being a part of equal opportunity and rights. Such well educated community, when strike for their rights, leave the democratic institutions baffled wandering about the rest 32.7 percent population below poverty line i.e. more than 259.5 million (21.3 % of the total population).
Another conundrum act is Naxalite-Maoist insurgency, common people turned into agitated avengers calling for democracy at the cost of innocent lives and officers which were once appointed for them ( before they turned into maoists) are now appointed against them. Their acts bring a big question on what democracy is, whom is it for, who practices it and who is credible for being it unexecuted.
Inclusivism is apprehended and seems to be a goal with greater ambition when the diversified beauty of Kashmir becomes the cause of blasts and wars instead of peace and pride. For the call of security and claim of territory, Kashmir as a state of people is being terrorized by the undemocratic acts. People who denounce their acts as protection which Kashmir requires, are the ones wounding it.
Yet there are some commendable progresses made since independence. India was left with full of agitated countrymen, lamenting poverty, vast number of minorities, biased history of caste, sex, race and religion, thwarted societies with no constitution to govern upon, it was an infant with no environment support around.
India marched it’s way from the list of wonders of the world with Taj Mahal to top 5 space agencies of the world with ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization). It stands at fourth in Defense and first in remittances receipts. With the biggest constitution in the world, it is practicing unity with law and order to prevent from interior threats and with valor and strength from exterior threats.
In this span, it was not easy for India to transcend it’s image from a British colony to the incredible India. Cherishing it’s history from Indus Valley Civilization to ISRO’s most cost effective mission of Mangalyaan and recent launches of ASTROSAT & INSAT-3DR, India continues to rewrite it’s name amongst the emerging nations of the world.
Since independence the adult literacy rate grew from 16.1 per cent in 1941 to 74.04 per cent at present. Average Life expectancy rate has also improved from 41.38 years in 1960 to 66.38 years in 2010. We have girls going to school and female employees now. Several cases against corruption and rights for women reflect a paradigm shift towards liberty and democracy.
70 years have gone by, the much diversified territory with it’s people have a long way ahead with an efficient experience to pursue their rights and follow duties. India, where the government is the representative of the citizens, can not lead true democracy unless the poorest citizen is taken into account while deriving and practicing reforms and policies for the growth and development. As long as life, liberty and pursuit of happiness, the three natural rights according to the code of the bill of rights, do not unite with every citizen the democratic institutions can not have a pragmatic egalitarian society. To attain one democratic ideals, democratic institutions and democratic outcomes act as three pillars of a nation.
” Our Constitution is so brilliant but had been presented to us before time. We as society need to be more mature to claim it as our ideal.”